You don’t have to be diabetic or pre-diabetic or be an insulin dependent type 1 diabetic to…eat, drink and think like a diabetic.   If you can grasp the understanding of how insulin affects your weight loss – you will beat this once and for all.

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If you’re on insulin…you will not lose weight until we get you taking less insulin.   Let me help you! 

FAT STORAGE AND INSULIN

Glucose is the product of breaking down carbohydrates into their simplest form; glucose is a type of sugar that the body uses for energy.  When the body is overloaded with glucose – the extra glucose is converted to glycogen and stored in the body. 

IMPORTANT: weight gain and weight loss depends on your bodies level of insulin in your blood.

Insulin has many effects on the body. As blood sugar levels rise with carbohydrate intake, insulin has the ability to decrease those sugar levels  and return them to normal range.  Insulin brings down sugar levels in the bloodstream.  Insulin stores sugar as fat in the fat cells.  Insulin  prevents fat cells from releasing fat for energy. When sugar is entering the cell, fat can’t be released. 

The only way you can lose fat is if you use fat. You’ll be unsuccessful at losing fat if you don’t burn fateven if you eat fewer calories and burn more through exercise. You can lose weight, but most of the loss will come from lean body mass, or muscle tissue, not fat.

 

EIGHT HORMONES STIMULATE FAT METABOLISM:

epinephrine, norepinephrine, adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH), glucagon, thyroid-stimulating hormone, melanocyte-stimulating hormone, vasopressin and growth hormone.

ONE HORMONE PREVENTS FAT METABOLISM: INSULIN.

The pancreas releases insulin when blood sugar levels rise above normal; optimal fasting blood sugar should be between 70 and 90 mg/dL.  Following a meal, blood sugars rise in relation to the amount and type of carbohydrates consumed.   The pancreas releases insulin, which tells the muscle, liver and fat cells to take up the blood sugar and remove it from the blood. This is a normal process because elevated blood sugar is toxic for the body.  Over time, when excessive amounts of carbs are eaten, the muscle and fat stop listening to the pancreas’ release of insulin/ This is called insulin resistance.

FUNCTION OF GLUCOSE

Once carbohydrates are absorbed from food, they are carried to the liver for processing.  Once glucose is inside the liver, glucose is metabolized or converted into triglycerides, fatty acids, glycogen or sent to to the bloodstream for immediate energy.   Insulin allows the sugar to be stored as glycogen for later energy use.

THE LIVER CELLS CAN STORE APPROXIMATELY: 100 GRAMS OF GLYCOGEN AS FAT.

THE MUSCLE CELLS CAN STORE APPROXIMATELY:  500 GRAMS OF GLYCOGEN AS FAT. 

THE FAT CELLS CAN STORE: UNLIMITED AMOUNTS OF GLYCOGEN AS FAT. 

500 grams of glycogen is roughly equivalent to 2,000 calories, in the muscles.

LOWER INSULIN LEVELS = WEIGHT LOSS

Does a low-carbohydrate diet or matching my carbohydrate grams and protein grams lower insulin? There is only one answer: Yes, insulin levels decrease greatly throughout the entire day.

Read the nutrition label in the grocery store. No more than 5% of carbohydrates for a food is a good rule of thumb.

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NOTE FOR DIABETICS

Avoiding the carbohydrates that raise your blood sugar decreases your need for medication to lower it. Taking the same dose of insulin as you did prior to adopting a low-carb diet might result in hypoglycemia (low blood sugar). You need to test your blood sugar frequently when starting this diet and adapt (lower) your medication. This should ideally be done with the assistance of a knowledgeable physician. If you’re healthy or a diabetic treated either by diet alone or just with Metformin there is no risk of hypoglycemia. 

 

A message from… T. Taylor Minchey BSN, MSN, FNP-C –  a Nashville native, Family Nurse Practitioner with a background in Nephrology (kidney/dialysis), Diabetes and Hypertension – and CEO and product creator, formulator of the FDA approved protein drink ProTonic™ Water -a  natural beverage fortified with 18 grams of whey protein isolate.